The idea of constructing a causeway linking the Kingdom of Bahrain with the Eastern Region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was harbored by the sons of both sisterly countries long before, as an expression of their wish to facility. ate contacts and to increase the links and bonds amongst themselves. In 1965, the idea of constructing the causeway began to crystallize officially, particularly during a courtesy visit by HH Shaikh Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa to the late HM King Faisal when HM expressed his wish to have this causeway constructed. In the year 1968, a joint committee was formed between the two countries to study the potential of implementation of the project. The committee carried out a field study in order to assess the size of financial obligations. The joint committee requested from the World Bank to contribute in choosing the best means for the implementation of such a mammoth project for all of its multifarious environmental and geographic aspects.
During the summer of 1973, a meeting was held which included the late HM King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz and the late Amir HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa as well as – the then prince – the late HM King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz and HH Shaikh Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa. During the meeting, the late HM King Faisal requested that the committee overlooks the economic and financial aspects in its study and considers the project of constructing the causeway amongst the projects of nationalistic interest .
At the end of year 1975, the World Bank submitted its study and advice after having sought the assistance from specialist international expertise in studying the geographic, environmental factors and maritime currents .
In the spring of the year 1976, during a visit by the late HM King Khalid bin Abdul Aziz to his brother the late HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa, the Amir of the State of Bahrain, the two great monarchs agreed to set up a ministerial committee from the two countries so as to work on implementation of the project.
On 8th July 1981, HE Mohammed Aba Al-Khail, the then minister for Finance and National Economy in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and HE Yousuf Ahmed Al-Shirawi, the then minister of Industrial Development in the State of Bahrain signed the agreement for construction of the maritime causeway between the two countries .
On 11th November 1982, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz and HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa – may Allah have mercy on them – unveiled the curtain off the Memorial Panel in an official ceremony attended by the leaders of the GCC states for work on the project to commence .
On 11th April 1985, HH Shaikh Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa pushed the button to install the last part of the box bridges thereby linking the Saudi mainland with the island of Bahrain. On 26th November 1986 , the causeway was inaugurated by the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz, the monarch of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and HH Shaikh Isa bin Salman, the Amir of the State of Bahrain – may Allah have mercy on them – the latter was pleased to have the causeway named King Fahd Causeway.